Did you know that in early 1990, approximately 80 per cent of blind people in India which is close to 10 million individuals have been diagnosed with cataract?
People usually tend to develop cataracts post the age of 50. A cataract is a medical term for clouding of the lens inside the eyes that causes loss of vision. Cataracts cannot be cured through glasses , contact lens or corneal refractive surgery like LASIK. Other than age there can be several other factors that can lead to the development of cataracts. Major factors that are responsible for formation of cataracts are:
Past eye surgery such as ICL
Exposure to harmful rays of the sun
Eye injury that alter the eye tissues
In cataracts, due to protein denaturation the natural lens of the eyes become hazy preventing light to pass through the lens which in turn leads to clouding of vision.
Cataract surgery is a procedure of removing the affected lens and in most cases, replacing it with an artificial lens. This surgery is performed to treat cataracts and to help the affected patient get back their natural viewing capability. It is performed by an eye specialist, ophthalmologist and in most cases in performed on outpatient basis which means there is no need for the patient to stay in the hospital post the surgery. Cataract surgery is very common and is regarded as a very safe process.
Cataract surgeries usually involve the following major steps:
STEP 1: Application of drop to dilate the pupil
STEP 2: The next step involved washing and cleaning the area around the eye
STEP 3: Injection of anaesthesia into the eye tissue. Alternatively, one can also administer anaesthesia as drops.
To avoid eye from blinking, doctors use eyelid holders for holding the eyes in place.
In order to remove the cataracts, there are two popular methods:
The cost of cataract surgery usually varies between Rs 20,000- Rs 65,000 for each eye. The cost varies from hospital to hospital depending on the following major factors:
Fee of the eye surgeon
Severity of the issue
It usually takes 6 weeks to 10 weeks for the patient to completely recover from the surgery.